Kentucky USDA Guideline Updates for

Kentucky USDA Homes for Sale

  • Annual Qualifying Income – The requirement for calculations to be included on the Income Calculation worksheet have been removed and should now be included on Attachment 9-B, the underwriter transmittal summary, FNMA form 1008/Freddie form 1077, or equivalent
  • 4506-T – The requirement for asset statements to be reviewed to ensure borrowers have no additional income sources has been removed.
  • Repayment Income – MCC income must now be included in repayment income.
  • Boarder Income – USDA now considers a boarder as a household member and a boarder’s income must now be included in annual income calculation. Rent paid by boarders that is reported on tax returns must also be included in annual income.
  • Capital Gains – USDA removed requirement from Repayment Income to provide evidence showing borrowers own additional property or assets that may be sold if additional income is needed to support the mortgage obligation
  • Commission – The borrower must now show one year history in same or similar line of work to include commission in repayment income.
  • Fellowship, Stipend, Scholarship – Scholarship award letters must now provide date of termination and USDA will no longer presume benefits with no expiration date will continue. USDA also added guidelines for GI Bill income and stated it cannot be included in annual or repayment income.
  • MCC – This income must now be included in repayment income, but no history is required. A copy of the W-4 from employer is required to verify borrower is taking tax credit on monthly basis. Note: MCC’s are ineligible with FWL as qualifying income.
  • Unreimbursed Business Income – only taxable income is allowed to be included in repayment income
  • Section 8 – USDA removed requirement for section 8 income to be deducted from the monthly PITI to determine DTI if it is paid directly to the loan servicer when included in the repayment income.
  • Self Employed Income – Federal tax returns must now be reviewed to determine gross income for annual calculations. Removed requirement to deduct business loss before entering as repayment income into GUS or on loan application. Clarified documentation requirements as most recent 2 years of federal tax returns / transcripts & YTD P&L may be audited or unaudited
  • Social Security Income – clarified documentation options and will allow social security benefit statement or form SSA-1099/1042S to source
  • Temporary Leave – The history requirements for repayment income has been changed and now income must be received by loan closing.
  • Cash on Hand – The underwriter must review the reasonableness of accumulation based upon income stream, spending habits, etc. and cash on hand can no longer be included in reserves
  • Gift Funds – Clarification provided on how gift funds must be sourced when gift funds have been deposited into borrower’s account, not deposited into borrower’s account, or if funds are being wired directly to the settlement agent.
  • Large Deposits – USDA no longer addresses lump sum additions.

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Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Appraisal Requirements

As with all loan programs, the USDA Loan requires that an independent appraiser inspect the subject property in order to determine the property value. Specific to a USDA Loan, the appraisal report will be conducted by an FHA approved appraiser. The appraisal report must include verbiage or similar verbiage:

“The subject meets minimum standards as set under guidelines established by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and indicated in Handbooks 4000.1”

No different from a FHA or VA appraisal inspection, the appraiser is required to document all property deficiencies that preclude the appraiser from signing off on their report. A property deficiency is any defect to the house that the appraiser deems necessary to have repaired to ensure compliance to the loan program guidelines. Typical examples of property deficiencies include:

  • Chipped and peeling paint
  • Missing handrails on stairs and railing on decks
  • Lights not working properly and wires hanging out of the electrical box
  • Non-working heating and cooling systems and plumbing
  • Houses that do not have utilities turned on

If a property has deficiencies, the appraiser will determine the value of the property, but state that their report is subject to the property defects listed being corrected. After the property defects are repaired, the appraiser will re-inspect the property, and signoff if the required repairs have been completed.

Bottom line, the USDA Loan program is designed to finance homes that are in move-in condition, not fixer-uppers. However, on a subsequent email I will review an option to establish a repair escrow account to address certain property deficiencies. The repair escrow account is only available through one of my many USDA lenders, so it is imperative to inform me when making an offer a house if this option will be required.

Kentucky Rural Housing USDA Loan Student Loan Debt Calculations

How to Qualify for a Rural Housing Loan in Kentucky with Student Loans.

For potential home buyers with student loans that are either in a deferred payment status or being paid back through an income based or graduated repayment program, the treatment of this liability needs to be considered.

When student loan debts are not currently being paid upon, due to the loan applicant still being in school or recently graduating from school, the monthly liability will be calculated based on the lower of 1/2 of 1% of the outstanding loan balance or the monthly payment listed on the credit report.

Example if you owe $100,000 in student loan debt the monthly payment will be $500. Also, if the student loan is being paid upon, but at a lesser amount than originally agreed, such as the payment being determined based on repayment ability (i.e. Income Based Repayment Plan), the monthly payment will be calculated the same as above (monthly liability = 1/2 of 1% of the outstanding loan balance).

This offers a significant improvement compared to the FHA Loan guidelines, in which student loans that are in deferment or under an income based repayment plan will have the monthly payment calculated at 1% of the outstanding loan balance.

If the student loan is being paid upon as originally agreed upon when the loan was first obtained, the monthly liability will be the amount specified on the credit report.

Or if the student loans have been consolidated into a new loan, so long as the monthly payment is based on a fixed repayment schedule, that payment will be used when calculating the borrower’s debt to income ratio.

If you have yet to apply for your Kentucky USDA Loan pre-qualification request, you can do so online

Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.

Text/call:      502-905-3708

fax:            502-327-9119
email:
          kentuckyloan@gmail.com

 

502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky:

NMLS 57916

There are two types of Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Home loans available to rural Kentucky Home buyers through Rural Development:

Direct homeownership loans and guaranteed home ownership loans.

Let’s first look at the 502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky

502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky:

With a Kentucky  Direct Loan 502, the applicant applies directly to the USDA office serving their location in Kentucky. There are about 13  different locations . They  lend the money direct from USDA , 100 percent financing, for the low rate currently at 3 percent on a 33 year term.

For a direct home loan, the purchase, construction, repair and rehabilitation of a single family home in rural areas must be used for the applicant’s permanent residence. “For manufactured housing, only new construction can be funded,” he explained.

Credit scores of 640 or greater are typically acceptable with a minimum number of trade lines (2 usually for 12 months can be opened or closed) that have been open and active.

No down payment typically is required- Loans may be up to 100 percent of the appraised value. Homebuyer education is required prior to closing for the Direct USDA Loan 502 program

Mortgage payments are based on what the applicant can afford to pay. USDA offers payment assistance/subsidies to make it affordable. When you go to payoff the USDA Direct loan, you may incur a subsidy recapture fee. KY RD Offices_August2014.jpg

There are two types of Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Home loans available to rural Kentucky Home buyers through Rural Development:

Direct homeownership loans and guaranteed home ownership loans.

Let’s first look at the 502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky

502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky:

Rural Home Loans (Direct Program)
What does this
program do?
Also known as the Section
502 Direct Loan Program, this
program assists low- and
very-low-income applicants
obtain decent, safe, and sanitary
housing in eligible rural areas by
providing payment assistance
to increase an applicant’s
repayment ability. Payment
assistance is a type of subsidy
that reduces the mortgage
payment for a short time.
The amount of assistance is
determined by the adjusted
family income.
Who may apply for this program?
A number of factors are considered
when determining an applicant’s
eligibility for Single Family Direct Home
Loans. At a minimum, applicants
interested in obtaining a direct loan must
have an adjusted income that is at or
below the applicable low-income limit
for the area where they wish to buy a
house and they must demonstrate a
willingness and ability to repay debt.
Applicants must:
• Be without decent, safe, and
sanitary housing
• Be unable to obtain a loan from
other resources on terms and
conditions that can reasonably be
expected to meet
• Agree to occupy the property as
your primary residence
• Have the legal capacity to incur a
loan obligation
• Meet citizenship or eligible
noncitizen requirements
• Not be suspended or debarred from
participation in federal programs
Properties financed with direct loan
funds must:
• Be modest in size for the area
• Not have market value in excess of
the applicable area loan limit
• Not have in-ground swimming pools
• Not be designed for income
producing activities
Borrowers are required to repay all or a
portion of the payment subsidy received
over the life of the loan when the title to
the property transfers or the borrower is
no longer living in the dwelling.
Applicants must meet income eligibility
for a direct loan. Please contact your
local RD office to ask for additional
details about eligibility requirements.
What is an eligible area?
Generally, rural areas with a population
less than 35,000 are eligible. Visit the
USDA Income and Property eligibility
website for complete details.
How may funds be used?
Loan funds may be used to help
low-income individuals or households
purchase homes in rural areas. Funds
can be used to build, repair, renovate,
or relocate a home, or to purchase
and prepare sites, including providing
water and sewage facilities.
How much may I borrow?
The maximum loan amount an
applicant may qualify for will depend
on the applicant’s repayment ability.
The applicant’s ability to repay a loan
considers various factors such as
income, debts, assets, and the amount
of payment assistance applicants
may be eligible to receive. Regardless
of repayment ability, applicants may
never borrow more than the area loan
limit (plus certain costs allowed to be
financed) for the county in which the
property is located.
Rural Home Loans (Direct Program)
What is the interest rate and
payback period?
• Fixed interest rate based on current
market rates at loan approval or loan
closing, whichever is lower.
• The monthly mortgage payment,
when modified by payment
assistance, may be reduced to as
little as an effective 1% interest rate.
• Up to 33 year payback period – 38 year
payback period for very low income
applicants who can’t afford the 33 year
loan term.
How much down payment
is required?
No down payment is typically required.
Applicants with assets higher than the
asset limits may be required to use a
portion of those assets.
Is there a deadline to apply?
Applications for this program are
accepted through your local RD office
year round.
How long does an application take?
Processing times vary depending on
funding availability and program demand
in the area in which an applicant is
interested in buying and completeness
of the application package.
What governs this program?
• The Housing Act of 1949 as
amended, 7 CFR, Part 3550
• HB-1-3550 – Direct Single Family

No Money Down Kentucky USDA Rural Loan Program

Kentucky USDA Rural Development zero down kentucky home loan Rural development

How USDA Government  Underwriters calculate your Debt-to-Income or DTI ratio.

One of the most frequent questions that come from perspectives Kentucky  home buyers is

“How Much House Can I Afford?”

Answering this question is determined based on calculating what are known as the borrower’s Debt-to-Income or DTI ratios. The established standard DTI ratio used for a USDA Loan is based on two sets of ratios, which are as follows:

  • Front-end or housing ratio – the monthly mortgage payment cannot exceed 29% of the gross monthly income.
  • Back-end or total debt ratio – the total debts, including the new monthly mortgage payment, cannot exceed 41% of the gross monthly income.

A monthly mortgage payment includes the principal and interest payment on the mortgage note, as well as the monthly pro-rated portion of the annual fee, property tax and homeowner insurance premium.

 

Specific to the USDA Rural Loan program is the pro-rate portion of the USDA Annual Fee, which is often referred to as a monthly mortgage insurance payment. If there are any Condominium or Homeowner Association (HOA) fees, these fees must be included in the monthly mortgage payment as well.

Total debts include the anticipated monthly mortgage payment and all monthly re-occurring credit obligations.

 

Examples of reoccurring credit obligations include monthly car payments, minimum payment on credit cards, and student loan payments. If the borrower is obligated to make any alimony or child support payments, these payments will be included within the total debt calculations as well.

If the total debts exceed 41% of the gross monthly income, the maximum monthly mortgage payment must be reduced in order to bring total DTI back down to 41%. For example, assume a monthly income of $5,000.

 

Based on the 29%/41% ratio requirements, the maximum housing expense will be $1,450 and total debts will be $2,050. If the non-housing expense exceeds $600 ($2,050 – $1,450), the housing expense will need to be reduced by an equal amount to keep the total ratio at 41%.

While the 29%/41% ratio is considered to be the Underwriting standard guideline, the USDA Loan Program will allow for DTI ratios as high as 33.99%/45.99%.

 

What determines the ability to qualify at a higher ratio is a combination of factors, such as an approval through Guaranteed Underwriting System, which is USDA’s automated approval, and other compensating factors such as:

  • 680 or higher credit score
  • No or low “payment shock” – less than a 100% increase in proposed mortgage payment vs. current rental housing expenses
  • Fiscally sound use of credit
  • Ability to accumulate savings
  • Stable employment history with 2 or more years in current position or continuous employment history with no job gaps
  • Cash reserves available for use after settlement
  • Career advancement as indicated by job training or additional education in the applicant’s profession
  • Trailing spouse income – as a result of a job transfer, in which the house is being purchased, prior to the secondary wage-earner obtaining employment. This assumes that the secondary wage-earner has an established history of employment and has a reasonable chance to obtain new employment in the area upon relocating to the area
  • Low total debt load

Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.

10602 Timberwood Circle Suite 3

Louisville, KY 40223Company ID #1364 | MB73346

Text/call 502-905-3708
kentuckyloan@gmail.com

http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/
If you are an individual with disabilities who needs accommodation, or you are having difficulty using our website to apply for a loan, please contact us at 502-905-3708.
Disclaimer: No statement on this site is a commitment to make a loan. Loans are subject to borrower qualifications, including income, property evaluation, sufficient equity in the home to meet Loan-to-Value requirements, and final credit approval. Approvals are subject to underwriting guidelines, interest rates, and program guidelines and are subject to change without notice based on applicant’s eligibility and market conditions. Refinancing an existing loan may result in total finance charges being higher over the life of a loan. Reduction in payments may reflect a longer loan term. Terms of any loan may be subject to payment of points and fees by the applicant  Equal Opportunity Lender. NMLS#57916http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/
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