Kentucky Rural Housing Loans
Kentucky USDA loans are mortgages made by lenders and guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. They are available to moderate- and low-income borrowers to build, rehabilitate, improve or relocate a primary residence in eligible rural and suburban areas. The income limit is 115 percent of the median income in your area. You can check the income limits for your area here.
It can be closed with zero down. USDA loans do have a monthly insurance requirement, but the upfront fee is significantly lower than on the VA loan and the mortgage premiums are lower than on the FHA loan.
The problem is that the number of buyers who qualify for a USDA loan is much smaller. Unlike on other loans where more income is better, a USDA loan has strict income maximums.
Fees for Kentucky USDA Loans
USDA loan borrowers pay an upfront fee of 1 percent of the loan amount, and this fee can be added to the loan balance. Borrowers also pay a mortgage insurance premium of 0.35 percent of the loan balance per year in 12 equal installments. This fee is based on the current balance and added to the monthly payment.
Down Payment Requirements for Kentucky USDA Loans
USDA loans are available with up to 100 percent financing (zero down).
Credit Score Required for Kentucky Rural Housing Loans
There is no minimum credit score for a USDA loan, but you are automatically ineligible if you are presently delinquent on a nontax federal debt.
Automated approval is available if you have two tradelines reported on your credit history and acredit score of 640 or higher.
If you do not have sufficient credit data, the underwriter can assess your creditworthiness other ways, such as by examining your history with rent payments. Applicants with a credit score lower than 640 will undergo additional underwriting steps.
Loan Limits for Kentucky USDA Loans
They are no loan limits for Kentucky USDA loans backed-up the guarantee loan program. The Direct USDA loan program does have loan limits.
Mortgage Loan Officer
2020 Kentucky Rural Development Mortgage Guide
- 30 year fixed rate only for Purchases and Existing USDA loans Refinances.
- Zero down Mortgage loan with no loan limits!
- Upfront funding fee is 1.0% and annual mi fee is .35% (very low compared to FHA)
- Typically cannot own other real estate. There are exceptions to this.
- You do not have to be a first-time home buyer in Kentucky
- Can refinance existing USDA loan as long as lowering rate by 1% and can do without an appraisal. There are overlays to this by lenders.
- Closing costs and prepaids can be paid by seller but must be put into contract
- Closing costs may be financed into the loan up to the appraised value.
- You will need two credit trade lines reporting at least for 12 months on your credit file. They don’t have to be open and active. Just reporting on your credit report.
- All Guaranteed Mortgage Loans are ran through GUS. GUS stands for the Guaranteed Underwriting System. USDA and their underwriters use this system to pre-approve you. They review credit score/history, income, debt to income ratio and assets to determine your loan eligibility. If your credit score is below 640 or your debt to income ratio is over 45%, it will get a refer and you will find most lenders will not approve the loan.
- Some lenders will do a credit score down to 600, but they will want a lot of documentation to overturn the refer and compensating factors for the lower credit score. They typically will need to verify rent for last 12 months, with no lates, cash payments are not acceptable, and debt to income ratios are set at 29% and 41% respectively. Reserves are typically helpful too on lower credit scores, so keep in that in mind, if you have money in a savings account, for a rainy day fund, this will help sometimes get the loan approved.
- If you have access to 20% down payment you cannot use the USDA Program. Money in a retirement account does not account toward the 20% rule.
- Properties must be located in an eligible area of Kentucky. Typically the large metro areas of Kentucky including the following: all of Jefferson County, all of Fayette County, Owensboro, Paducah, Hopkinsville, Bowling Green, Richmond, Frankfort and Northern KY cities of Covington, Florence, Erlanger, Beechwood, Richwood are not eligible
USDA Eligible Areas In Northern Kentucky for Boone, Kenton, Campbell, Grant Counties
- Highland Heights
- Cold Springs
- All Of Grant County, Pendleton County And Owen County
A property must be located in an eligible area in order to use a USDA loan to purchase a home. Contrary to belief, Rural Development loans are not only for farms or very rural homes.
Actually, a property with an operating and income producing farm is not eligible for these loans!
2020 Kentucky USDA Rural Max Income Limits:
- New Income limits for most counties (*) in Kentucky are $86,850 for a 4 unit household and household families of five or more + can make up to $114,650.The Northern Kentucky Counties (***) of Boon, Kenton, Campbell, Brackenn, Gallatin, and Pendleton are $93,500 for a household of four or less and up to $123,400 for a family of five or more.With the new changes for 2019 USDA Income limits, the Jefferson County Louisville, KY Metro area (**) saw an increase of $87,600 for a family of four and up to $115,650 for a family of five or more. The metro area includes Oldham, Bullitt, Spencer, Hardin, Larue and Meade are including in these higher income limits for USDA loans.
Remember, Jefferson County Kentucky, Fayette County Kentucky are not eligible for USDA loans.
,Below is the website where you can check and make sure
Some More Facts about a Kentucky USDA loan:
It’s a two step approval process. The chosen USDA lender must first underwrite the file and get it approved based on the income, assets, and credit report submitted. Then, the lenders must submit to USDA for a “conditional commitment”. This conditional commitment is the final loan approval paperwork you are looking for.
Even though the lender may have approved the file, it still must go to USDA office in Lexington for an assignment to SFH underwriter for the final approval process. They typically are checking the appraisal and income at this stage. There have been instances where the lender would approve the file but USDA would not due to appraisal issues or income and job history.
This is very rare instances, so keep that in mind when it comes to final loan approval.
This two-step approval process usually adds 4-6 days to the final loan approval process, so keep that in mind when you are writing up your contract because it takes a little longer to close these loans vs FHA, VA, and Fannie Mae loans.
Well Test Treatments: Properties with a well as the primary drinking source will require a well water test. There are local labs to perform this test and the water must pass.
Septic Test: Sometimes they will require the septic tank to be inspected if called for in the appraisal report or home inspection.
Older Homes: As a general rule, USDA does not like homes older than 100 years old. They will sometimes require a home inspection in addition to the mandatory appraisal on older homes.
USDA Loan After a Short Sale: A short sale is not the end of the world. So it is very possible to obtain a USDA loan if 3 years have passed after the short sale. But a buyer would need re-established good rent and other credit history.
Bankruptcy and Foreclosure: If the mortgage debt that was foreclosed, was included in a Bankruptcy – then the USDA Home Loan waiting periods after foreclosure “waiting period” of 3 years, starts from the date of the discharge of the Bankruptcy. Because it can take 6 months or more for Banks to process the Foreclosure, and transfer title, this is a tremendous plus.
- Fixed Payment Loans: A permanent amortized, fixed payment may be used when it can be documented that the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed.
- Non-Fixed Payment Loans (i.e. deferred, income based, graduated, adjustable, etc.): The payment should be calculated as the greater of 0.5% of the loan balance or the actual payment reflected on the credit report. No additional documentation is required.
Minimum Credit Score Requirements for a Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval Loan
Here are the most common loan programs and their general guidelines on credit scores:
FHA Loans in Kentucky
FHA mortgage loans are issued by federally qualified lenders and insured by the U.S. Federal Housing Authority, a division of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. These loans are an attractive option for many borrowers, not just first-time homeowners.
FHA loans are available to borrowers with credit scores as low as 500. Borrowers with scores under 580 will need to have a 10% down payment.
VA Loans In Kentucky
VA Loans are designed to offer long-term financing to American Veterans. These loans are issued by federally qualified lenders and are guaranteed by the United States Veterans Administration. The Veterans Administration determines eligibility and issues a certificate to qualifying applicants to submit to their mortgage lender of choice.
The Veterans Administration does not set a minimum credit score; however, lenders do impose their own limits. Some lenders will go down to a 500 credit score and will also do loans for borrowers without a credit score.
Conventional Loans In Kentucky
Conventional loans are mortgage loans offered by private lenders that are not guaranteed or insured by a government agency. These loans may also be referred to as conforming loans.
Conventional loans are available to borrowers with credit scores as low as 620.
USDA Loans in Kentucky
The United States Department of Agriculture offers a home loan program designed to help individuals living in small towns or rural areas. This loan program is designed to help qualifying applicants, who may not be able to qualify for other types of mortgage loans, purchase homes as their primary residences.
USDA Guaranteed loans are available to borrowers with credit scores as low as 581 and borrowers with no credit scores.
A note for Borrowers with No and Low Credit Scores
While it’s not impossible to qualify for a home loan with a low credit score or no credit score, it does make it harder to qualify. If you have a low credit score or you do not have a credit score, lenders will look more critically at other risk factors that you may have. This includes recent late payments, collection accounts, the amount of funds you have saved up, employment history and the time at your current job, etc.
If you do not have a credit score, it means that the credit bureaus do not have enough information about you to give you a score. While there are some options available to borrowers without a credit score, most lenders will require that you provide proof of payment history on “alternative trade lines”. These are lines of credit or utilities that do not report to the credit bureaus, such as rent, cell phone, electric, cable/internet, car insurance, etc. Acceptable “alternative trade line” accounts must meet certain criteria. The account must be in your name, it must be 12 months old, every payment must have been made on time every single month, and proof of payment must be provided on the creditor’s letterhead.
GETTING APPROVED WITH LOW OR NO CREDIT SCORES
You are more likely to be approved with low or no credit scores if you:
Make a larger down payment than is required.
Have sufficient reserves in checking and/or savings accounts.
Have low debt-to-income ratios, which is the percentage of your income that needs to be used towards paying your proposed mortgage and other lines of credit such as auto loans, student loans, credit cards, etc. Paying down existing debt will improve your debt-to-income ratio.
The best part about credit scores is that they aren’t set in stone! It’s never too late start working on improving your credit. If our team can’t pre-approve you today, we’ll come up with a custom plan to help you get to where you need to be. There’s nothing to lose, so apply today!
What is a Kentucky USDA Rural home loan?
A Kentucky USDA home loan is a zero-dollar-down mortgage option provided by USDA’s Department of Rural Development.
This government-backed loan program comes in two types: direct loan, which is reserved for lower-income households and issued by USDA, and the guaranteed loan, which is reserved for low- to moderate-income families. The guaranteed loan is funded by private lenders, and USDA guarantees a portion of the loan against default.
Is a Kentucky USDA loan more beneficial than a Kentucky conventional loan?
The KY USDA home loan program is generally more beneficial to rural families than a conventional lending program, particularly for first-time homebuyers with lower- to median-level incomes.
Some of the benefits of Kentucky Rural Housing USDA loans include:
• zero down payment
• competitive interest rates
• lower-than-average monthly mortgage insurance
• relaxed credit requirements versus conventional loans
• no loan limits
How do I determine eligibility for a Kentucky Rural Housing USDA loan? To be eligible for a USDA home loan, borrowers must meet the program’s basic eligibility requirements. These requirements are relaxed compared to other mortgage options and are in place to ensure borrowers can make their monthly mortgage payments.
Here are a few of the basic Kentucky RHS USDA eligibility requirements:
• Income. Applicants must not have annual adjusted income greater than 115% of the median household income for the area. Check your county’s USDA income limit. This called compliance income.
|Kentucky Counties||Cincinnati (OH, KY, IN FMR)||Household income of 4 or less:||Household income of 5 or more:|
|All Other Areas||$86,700||$114,150|
• Credit. Applicants must have a minimum credit score of 581 to qualify for USDA’s guaranteed underwriting credit requirements. However, most lenders will want a 620 or preferably to get an Automated Approval 640 is the magic number in most cases. With regards to bankruptcy, 3 years is usually the date needed to lapse since your discharge.
• Employment. Applicants must have proof of two years of stable income and employment.
: Income: They will take your gross monthly income and develop two ratios for you: The front end ratio, which is called your housing ratio, and then the back-end ratio or total debt ratio is the house payment plus the total monthly payments listed on the credit report. If you pay child support, this is included in the qualifying ratios but utility bills, car insurance, cell phone bills, water bills etc, is not included. Typically 28% is used for the housing ratio, and
Student Loans: They are pretty tough on student loans and qualifying with your current student loan debts. They will make us use 1% of your outstanding balance on student loans, so sometimes this will cause the loan to get denied because your debt to income ratio is too high. If they are in an Income-Based repayment plan they will still make us use the 1% balance so keep this in mind. For example, let’s say you owe $35k in outstanding student loans, and your IBR plan calls for a $50 monthly payment. RHS will make us use $350, not the $50 IBR payment so you can see where this will cause issue on higher debt to income ratios on some loans.**********
Effective immediately for all Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Mortgage Loans.
If you are a Kentucky USDA Mortgage applicant who has student loan calculations will be changed to the following Fixed Payment Loans:
A permanent amortized, fixed payment may be used when it can be documented that the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed.
Non-Fixed Payment Loans (i.e. deferred, income based, graduated, adjustable, etc.): The payment should be calculated as the greater of 0.5% of the loan balance or the actual payment reflected on the credit report. No additional documentation is required.
• Property location. Homes must be located within a rural area, as defined by USDA. Rural areas are any that have a population less than 35,000 depending on the area’s designation. Use this tool from USDA to determine if a specific address is eligible.
• Physical property. Homes must be the borrower’s primary residence, have direct access to a street, and have adequate utilities and water and wastewater disposal, among other things No working fams allowed or properties that income producing livestock or crops.
For those with lower incomes, a USDA direct loan provides greater opportunities for lending, as its credit and income requirements are more lax than the guaranteed loan option.
Senior Loan Officer
Frequently Asked Questions
Are only first-time homebuyers eligible?
No, you do not have to be a first time home buyer. The USDA Loan program has no restrictions that prevent previous homeowners from using the program.
What is the maximum amount that I can borrow?
There isn’t a limit to the amount a homeowner can borrow
How much are the closing costs for a USDA mortgage?
Closing costs vary from lender to lender and state to state. The charges from the USDA are a Guarantee fee of 1% of the loan amount. Additionally, there is a monthly mortgage insurance factor of .35% of the principal balance.
Can closing costs be financed into a USDA Loan?
Yes! The USDA home loan has the ability to finance closing costs up to the appraised value or to get a 6% seller contribution to closing costs from sellers on the contract.
What are USDA eligibility requirements?
USDA requires that the borrower demonstrates a reasonable ability and willingness to repay the mortgage loan. USDA lenders will view your credit history, income, and assets to verify your ability to repay the mortgage.
What is the USDA’s minimum credit requirement?
The USDA has no minimum score required; however, most lenders require a minimum credit score of 640 or sometimes 620 to obtain financing. Exceptions can be made and you should talk to a loan specialist about this.
Can you qualify for a USDA loan if your credit score is below 640?
Many lenders do require a 640 minimum Fico score to be eligible for a USDA home loan, however, exceptions can be made. It is important to note that the derogatory credit is temporary in nature, beyond the applicant’s control, and the circumstances that caused the adverse credit are no longer a factor.
What does the USDA require for employment eligibility?
You must have established employment to be eligible for a USDA Loan. Almost all lenders will require a minimum of two years of steady employment or schooling prior to your current employment if less than 2 years. If you are self-employed, you are eligible but will be required to provide two years of federal tax returns to verify your income.
Do USDA home loans have PMI?
USDA mortgages do have a guarantee fee and monthly PMI. The rate for the mortgage insurance is .35% of the outstanding principal balance and the current guarantee fee is 1% of loan amount. For example, if you borrowed a full $150,000 from your lender, the guarantee fee would be $1,500, which you can finance into your mortgage. The monthly PMI would be about 44.00 dollars a month on a 151,500 loan amount. (which includes the guarantee fee of 1%)
Can I get a USDA Mortgage after bankruptcy?
Yes, the USDA Loan Program requires the bankruptcy to be discharged for at least 3 years for a CH 7 and at least 12 months of on time payments on a CH 13. You can be in a CH 13 currently as long as 12 months of on-time payments have been made and verified.
How soon can you qualify for a mortgage after foreclosure?
VA Loans: 2 years after foreclosure
USDA Loans: 3 years after foreclosure (Exceptions are possible!)
FHA Loans: 3 years after foreclosure
Conventional Loans (Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac): 7 years after foreclosure
Can I use a USDA Loan on investment property or Second Home?
No, the USDA Rural Housing Program is for primary residences only. Furthermore, any property that is income producing (farms, multi-family, over 30 acres, etc.) cannot qualify for the 502 Guaranteed Rural Home Loan.
Can a USDA loan finance a condominium?
Yes, you can use a USDA loan to finance a condo; however, there are requirements that will need to be met.
Does a USDA home loan finance modular or manufactured homes?
Modular and manufactured homes can be considered a USDA eligible property, but additional appraisal requirements will apply. Most lenders do not offer Section 502 USDA loans on manufactured homes; however, they do finance modular homes. The difference between a modular and manufactured is how and where the home is constructed. A manufactured home is already fully built and put on a foundation and modular homes are built in pieces, and then taken to the site to be constructed.
How fast can you close a USDA loan?
USDA loans have a 2 prong process. The loan is first approved by the lender and then sent to the local USDA field office to be insured. Depending on the turn-times at the local USDA office, closing can be as fast as 20 days or up to 60 days.
Senior Loan Officer
Disclaimer: No statement on this site is a commitment to make a loan. Loans are subject to borrower qualifications, including income, property evaluation, sufficient equity in the home to meet Loan-to-Value requirements, and final credit approval. Approvals are subject to underwriting guidelines, interest rates, and program guidelines and are subject to change without notice based on applicant’s eligibility and market conditions. Refinancing an existing loan may result in total finance charges being higher over the life of a loan. Reduction in payments may reflect a longer loan term. Terms of any loan may be subject to payment of points and fees by the applicant Equal Opportunity Lender. NMLS#57916http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/
One borrower must have 3 tradelines that have existed for 12 months. If this requirement cannot be met, an accept decision must be downgraded to a refer and treated as a manual underwrite.
VERIFICATION OF RENT:
Scores 680 and above OR GUS accept = No VOR required.
Scores 679 and below = VOR required.
Determine if the total outstanding balance of all collections accounts and charge offs of all applicants is equal to or greater than $2,000. Unless excluded by state law, collection accounts and charge offs of a non-purchasing spouse in a community property state are included in the cumulative balance of all collections and charge offs.
Remove all medical collections and medical charge off accounts from the total balance. Medical collections and medical charge off accounts must be clearly identifiable on the credit report.
If the remaining outstanding balance of collection accounts and charge offs are equal to or greater than $2,000, any of the following actions will apply:
Payment in full of all collection accounts and charge offs at or prior to closing.
Payment arrangements are made with each creditor for each collection account and charge offs remaining outstanding. A letter from the creditor or evidence on the credit report is required to validate the payment arrangements. The agreed upon monthly payment for each outstanding collection account and charge off will be included in the borrower’s debt-to-income ratio.
In the absence of a payment arrangement, the lender will utilize in the debt-to-income ratio a calculated monthly payment. For each collection and charge off utilize 5% of the outstanding balance to represent the monthly payment.
Senior Loan Officer
phone: (502) 905-3708