Category: Student Loans

2017 STUDENT LOAN GUIDELINES FOR A KENTUCKY USDA RURAL HOUSING MORTGAGE LOAN

 

 

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Lenders must include the greater of:
• 1 percent of the outstanding loan balance; or
• The fixed payment as reflected on the credit report.

Income Based Repayment (IBR) plans, graduated plans, adjustable rates, interest-only and deferred plans are examples of repayment plans that are subject to change and do not represent a fixed payment or repayment plan. These types of repayment plans are unacceptable to represent a long-term fixed payment repayment plan. It is the lender’s responsibility to ensure the correct fixed payment is utilized in the capacity analysis.

No additional documentation is required if a credit report is obtained.

Guide Reference – http://www.rd.usda.gov/files/3555-1chapter11.pdf

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text/talk 502-905-3708 kentuckyloan@gmail.com

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2017 KY USDA Rural Housing Income Limits for Kentucky Counties Kentucky Rural Development Mortgage Guide

2017 Kentucky Rural Development Mortgage Guide

  • 30 year fixed rate only for Purchases and Existing USDA loans Refinances.
  • Zero down Mortgage loan with a loan limit of $424,000
  • Upfront funding fee is 1.0% and annual mi fee is .35% (very low compared to FHA)
  • Typically cannot own other real estate. There are exceptions to this.
  • You do not have to be a first-time home buyer in Kentucky
  • Can refinance existing USDA loan as long as lowering rate by 1% and can do without an appraisal. There are overlays to this by lenders.
  • Closing costs and prepaids can be paid by seller but must be put into contract
  • Closing costs may be financed into the loan up to the appraised value.
  • You will need two credit trade lines reporting at least for 12 months on your credit file. They don’t have to be open and active. Just reporting on your credit report.
  • All Guaranteed Mortgage Loans are ran through GUS. GUS stands for the Guaranteed Underwriting System. USDA and their underwriters use this system to pre-approve you. They review credit score/history, income, debt to income ratio and assets to determine your loan eligibility. If your credit score is below 640 or your debt to income ratio is over 45%, it will get a refer and you will find most lenders will not approve the loan.
  • Some lenders will do a credit score down to 600, but they will want a lot of documentation to overturn the refer and compensating factors for the lower credit score. They typically will need to verify rent for last 12 months, with no lates, cash payments are not acceptable, and debt to income ratios are set at 29% and 41% respectively. Reserves are typically helpful too on lower credit scores, so keep in that in mind, if you have money in a savings account, for a rainy day fund, this will help sometimes get the loan approved.
  • If you have access to 20% down payment you cannot use the USDA Program. Money in a retirement account does not account toward the 20% rule.
  • Properties must be located in an eligible area of Kentucky. Typically the large metro areas of Kentucky including the following: all of Jefferson County,  all of Fayette County, Owensboro, Paducah, Hopkinsville, Bowling Green, Richmond, Frankfort and Northern KY cities of Covington, Florence, Erlanger, Beechwood, Richwood are not eligible
USDA Eligible Areas In Northern Kentucky for Boone, Kenton, Campbell, Grant Counties
  • Independence
  • Burlington
  • Hebron
  • Highland Heights
  • Walton
  • Alexandria
  • Cold Springs
  • All Of Grant County, Pendleton County And Owen County

Search for Kentucky USDA Eligible Properties 

A property must be located in an eligible area in order to use a USDA loan to purchase a home.  Contrary to belief, Rural Development loans are not only for farms or very rural homes.  

Actually, a property with an operating and income producing farm is not eligible for these loans!

Kentucky USDA Rural Max Income Limits:

  • The total household income must be within the county limits for household size.  Typically a family household of 4 can make up to around $75,650  and a family of five or more  can make up to $99,850 for a household- Some KY counties allow for higher like Shelby County, and the Northern Kentucky Counties of Boone, Kenton, Campbell allow $82,000 (household income of four) up to $108,250 (household income of five or more)

Check Your Kentucky County for USDA Rural Housing Income Limits

 

Some More Facts about a Kentucky USDA loan:


It’s a two step approval process.  The chosen USDA lender must first underwrite the file and get it approved based on the income, assets, and credit report submitted. Then, the lenders must submit to USDA for a “conditional commitment”.  This conditional commitment is the final loan approval paperwork you are looking for. 


Even though the lender may have approved the file, it still must go to USDA office in Lexington for an assignment to SFH underwriter for the final approval process. They typically are checking the appraisal and income at this stage. There have been instances where the lender would approve the file but USDA would not due to appraisal issues or income and job history. 
This is very rare instances, so keep that in mind when it comes to final loan approval. 

This two-step approval process usually adds 4-6 days to the final loan approval process, so keep that in mind when you are writing up your contract because it takes a little longer to close these loans vs FHA, VA, and Fannie Mae loans.

Well Test Treatments:  Properties with a well as the primary drinking source will require a well water test.  There are local labs to perform this test and the water must pass.

Septic Test: Sometimes they will require the septic tank to be inspected if called for in the appraisal report or home inspection. 

Older Homes: As a general rule, USDA does not like homes older than 100 years old. They will sometimes require a home inspection in addition to the mandatory appraisal on older homes.

USDA Loan After a Short Sale:  A short sale is not the end of the world.  So it is very possible to obtain a USDA loan if 3 years have passed after the short sale.  But a buyer would need re-established good rent and other credit history.

Bankruptcy and Foreclosure:  If the mortgage debt that was foreclosed, was included in a Bankruptcy – then the USDA Home Loan waiting periods after foreclosure “waiting period” of 3 years, starts from the date of the discharge of the Bankruptcy.  Because it can take 6 months or more for Banks to process the Foreclosure, and transfer title, this is a tremendous plus.

Put my experience of originating KY USDA loans to work for you. I have successfully originated over 200 Rural Housing Mortgage Loans in Kentucky. I offer free pre-approvals and will help you from start to finish and I usually attend all my closings in Kentucky. 

Get Qualified for a Kentucky USDA Loan Now!

Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer

(NMLS#57916)

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.

10602 Timberwood Circle, Suite 3

Louisville, KY 40223

text or call my phone: (502) 905-3708
email me at kentuckyloan@gmail.com

The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.

All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation and are originated by lender. Products and interest rates are subject to change without notice. Manufactured and mobile homes are not eligible as collateral.

Posted by joel lobb at 6:28:00 AM Links to this post

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Labels: bankruptcy, debt ratio, first time buyer kentucky usda, foreclosure, GUS approval, Kentucky Rural Housing and USDA Loans, Kentucky USDA Rural Development For 2017 Guide, rd, rhs

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Kentucky Rural Housing Mortgage offer zero down payments and low 30 year fixed rates with lower monthly mortgage insurance requirements than FHA currently
County Name Family Size 1 -4 Family Size 5 – 8
Adair $75,650 $99,850
Allen $75,650 $99,850
Anderson $78,900 $104,150
Ballard $75,650 $99,850
Barren $75,650 $99,850
Bath $75,650 $99,850
Bell $75,650 $99,850
Boone $82,000 $108,250
Bourbon $78,400 $103,500
Boyd $75,650 $99,850
Boyle $75,650 $99,850
Bracken $82,000 $108,250
Breathitt $75,650 $99,850
Breckinridge $75,650 $99,850
Bullitt $75,650 $99,850
Butler $75,650 $99,850
Caldwell $75,650 $99,850
Calloway $75,650 $99,850
Campbell $82,000 $108,250
Carlisle $75,650 $99,850
Carroll $75,650 $99,850
Carter $75,650 $99,850
Casey $75,650 $99,850
Christian $75,650 $99,850
Clark $78,400 $103,500
Clay $75,650 $99,850
Clinton $75,650 $99,850
Crittenden $75,650 $99,850
Cumberland $75,650 $99,850
Daviess $75,650 $99,850
Edmonson $75,650 $99,850
Elliott $75,650 $99,850
Estill $75,650 $99,850
Fayette $78,400 $103,500
Fleming $75,650 $99,850
Floyd $75,650 $99,850
Franklin $76,850 $101,450
Fulton $75,650 $99,850
Gallatin $82,000 $108,250
Garrard $75,650 $99,850
Grant $75,650 $99,850
Graves $75,650 $99,850
Grayson $75,650 $99,850
Green $75,650 $99,850
Greenup $75,650 $99,850
Hancock $75,650 $99,850
Hardin $75,650 $99,850
Harlan $75,650 $99,850
Harrison $75,650 $99,850
Hart $75,650 $99,850
Henderson $75,650 $99,850
Henry $75,650 $99,850
Hickman $75,650 $99,850
Hopkins $75,650 $99,850
Jackson $75,650 $99,850
Jefferson $75,650 $99,850
Jessamine $78,400 $103,500
Johnson $75,650 $99,850
Kenton $82,000 $108,250
Knott $75,650 $99,850
Knox $75,650 $99,850
Larue $75,650 $99,850
Laurel $75,650 $99,850
Lawrence $75,650 $99,850
Lee $75,650 $99,850
Leslie $75,650 $99,850
Letcher $75,650 $99,850
Lewis $75,650 $99,850
Lincoln $75,650 $99,850
Livingston $75,650 $99,850
Logan $75,650 $99,850
Lyon $75,650 $99,850
Madison $75,650 $99,850
Magoffin $75,650 $99,850
Marion $75,650 $99,850
Marshall $75,650 $99,850
Martin $75,650 $99,850
Mason $75,650 $99,850
McCracken $75,650 $99,850
McCreary $75,650 $99,850
McLean $75,650 $99,850
Meade $75,650 $99,850
Menifee $75,650 $99,850
Mercer $75,650 $99,850
Metcalfe $75,650 $99,850
Monroe $75,650 $99,850
Montgomery $75,650 $99,850
Morgan $75,650 $99,850
Muhlenberg $75,650 $99,850
Nelson $75,650 $99,850
Nicholas $75,650 $99,850
Ohio $75,650 $99,850
Oldham $75,650 $99,850
Owen $75,650 $99,850
Owsley $75,650 $99,850
Pendleton $82,000 $108,250
Perry $75,650 $99,850
Pike $75,650 $99,850
Powell $75,650 $99,850
Pulaski $75,650 $99,850
Robertson $75,650 $99,850
Rockcastle $75,650 $99,850
Rowan $75,650 $99,850
Russell $75,650 $99,850
Scott $78,400 $103,500
Shelby $84,750 $111,850
Simpson $75,650 $99,850
Spencer $75,650 $99,850
Taylor $75,650 $99,850
Todd $75,650 $99,850
Trigg $75,650 $99,850
Trimble $75,650 $99,850
Union $75,650 $99,850
Warren $75,650 $99,850
Washington $75,650 $99,850
Wayne $75,650 $99,850
Webster $75,650 $99,850
Whitley $75,650 $99,850
Wolfe $75,650 $99,850
Woodford $78,400 $103,500

Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans : Kentucky Rural Development Guidelines for 2015:

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KENTUCKY USDA AND RURAL HOUSING MORTGAGE QUALIFYING GUIDELINES FOR 2016

Kentucky Rural Housing USDA Highlights for 2016

Kentucky USDA Rural Development Guaranteed Lending Program is geared to assist low to moderate income families realize home ownership. Below are some important highlights:

 USDA/Rural Development. The Annual Guarantee Fee is set to INCREASE October 1.
  • Debt Ratios–29/41% on manual underwrites  – max to 45% Debt to Income ratios with GUS Approve/Eligible Finding.
  • ZERO down payment – 100% LTV ok
  • Income Eligibility Limits do apply. Usually to $75k for a family of four and up to $98k for a household family of five or more.
  • Lender Credit from the interest rate may be used to pay closing costs.
  • Gifts ok! Usually not needed for USDA loans because 100% Financing offered. Gift funds cannot be used for reserves to get a GUS approval.
  • Applicants with > 20% of the sales price in assets (exclude retirement accounts) are not eligible for USDA financing.
  • Clear CAIVRS required – CAIVRS is a Federal Government-wide data base of information regarding individuals where an insurance claim or guarantee loss was paid.
  • 2 tradelines with > 12 months of repayment history – installment or revolving and trade lines may be open, closed or paid in full by applicant.
  • Student Loan Payments – important recent change to Kentucky Mortgage RHS USDA Loans. The change no longer allows for student loan payments that are IBR (Income Based Repayment), graduated, adjustable, interest only and deferred. USDA now requires a payment equal to 1% of the balance reflected on the applicant’s credit report.

Kentucky Rural Development USDA Changes Coming soon below: 

  • Kentucky USDA Streamlined-Assist refinances – similar to an FHA Kentucky Streamline…details coming soon!
  • Upfront Fee and the Annual Premiums will be reducing in the Fall of 2016 for a new Kentucky Rural Housing Mortgage Loans!

 

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Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer
(NMLS#57916)
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119
 
 

The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only.  The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines.  This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). USDA Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.

All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation and are originated by lender. Products and interest rates are subject to change without notice. Manufactured and mobile homes are not eligible as collateral.

Student Loans and their Impact in the Total Debt Ratio for a Kentucky Rural Housing USDA Loan Approval

 

USDA/Rural Development. The Annual Guarantee Fee is set to INCREASE October 1.
Kentucky USDA/Rural Development Changes for Student Loans in 2016

Student Loans and their Impact in the Total Debt Ratio for a USDA Home Mortgage in Kentucky

Recent updates to the 3555 Handbook intended to simplify guidance for the delivery of the guaranteed loan program have caused some misperception in regards to total debt ratio calculations, specifically in the subject of student loans. The Agency is working on revisions to Chapter 11: Ratio Analysis; however, we want to further clarify the subject at this time.
Total debt includes monthly housing expenses plus any other credit obligations incurred by the applicant. Student loan payments must be included in the calculation of the total debt-to-income ratio and captured under liabilities on the application. Student loan payments should be treated as described below:
Fixed payment loans: A fixed payment may be used in the debt ratio when the lender retains documentation to verify the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed. There must be no future adjustments to the terms of the student loan payments.

Non-Fixed payment loans: Payments for deferred loans, Income Based Repayment (IBR), Graduated, Adjustable, and other types of repayment agreements which are not fixed cannot be used in the total debt ratio calculation. One percent of the loan balance reflected on the credit report must be used as the monthly payment. No additional documentation is required.

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Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer
(NMLS#57916)
 
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119
 
 

 

 

KY USDA Rural Housing Update 2016

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Effective for all loan commitments issued on or after March 9th,  Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loan Program  is publishing an updated version of their 3555 handbook. The new handbook includes additional guidance and clarification on many previously vague subjects, including the following changes
USDA
Use the greater of one percent (1%) of the outstanding loan balance or the verified fixed payment as reflected on the credit report.
Income Based Repayment (IBR) plans, graduated plans, adjustable rates, interest only and deferred plans are examples of repayment plans that are subject to change. These types of repayment plans are unacceptable to represent a long term fixed payment plan.

Kentucky USDA Loans | Rural Housing Loans Kentucky

Kentucky USDA Loans | Rural Housing Loans Kentucky.

via Kentucky USDA Loans | Rural Housing Loans Kentucky.

USDA Rural Housing Map for Ineligible Cities in Kentucky for Housing Loans.  Areas including are Louisville,  Lexington, Paducah, Richmond, Hopkinsville, Owensboro, and Bowling Green KY

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Eligible Cities are Back!A Continuing Resolution has passed allowing RHS to refer back to the 2000 census data for eligible areas.  This will allow the following eight Kentucky cities to remain eligible until January 2014:  Bardstown, Burlington, Elizabethtown, Georgetown, Independence, Nicholasville, Shelbyville, and Shepherdsville.  This is good news as implementation of the 2010 census data has been put on hold again.

Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer
text or call 502-905-3708 cell

 

USDA Rural Housing Map for Ineligible Cities in Kentucky for Housing Loans.  Areas including are Louisville,  Lexington, Paducah, Richmond, Hopkinsville, Owensboro, and Bowling Green KY

(areas in yellow are not eligible for Kentuck USDA Mortgage Loans for 2017)

click on image to enlarge the area for more detailed map

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The United States Department of Agriculture has created a special home buyer opportunity for Americans that live in rural areas. These home buying programs were designed to increase homeownership amongst lower and middle income families that live in smaller sized cities, towns, and remote areas.

What makes these loans so special?

  • No Down Payments – USDA loans are one of the only home mortgages that allow someone to buy a home without putting any money down. In fact, the only other way someone can finance 100% of their home purchase is if they are in the military or a veteran. Even someone with perfect credit, long job history, and plenty of savings/assets can not qualify for 0 down on a home loan. This is a unique and very special aspect of USDA home buyer loans.
  • Lower PMI costs– Private Mortgage Insurance, also known as “PMI” is much lower on USDA loans than FHA or conventional mortgages. This can save you a lot of money.
  • Reduced Interest Rates The interest rates are lower on USDA loans, which results in lower payments, and plenty of money saved overtime.

Would You Like to Get Prequalified or Apply For a USDA Loan Now?
Click Here to Get Pre-Approved for a USDA Loan

How to Qualify for a USDA Loan

The best way to find out if you qualify for a USDA loan is to speak with one of our USDA specialists. It is easy to find out if you are eligible and usually only takes a few minutes. There are some basic qualification guidelines that the Department of Agriculture has set up which will help you have an idea if you can get a USDA loan.

  • Property Eligibility – The home you want to finance with a USDA loan must be an eligible property. You can not buy any home you want, it must be a designated property. You can look up homes in certain areas, or you can search by address on the USDA website.
  • Job History – Similar to all other mortgage loans, a two year work history is required.  You must show that you have been consistently employed for the past two years straight in order to qualify for USDA financing.
  • Income Limits – You must not make over a certain amount in order to receive a USDA mortgage. This amount varies by location so you will need to look up your specific counties income limits.
  • DTI Ratio– One of the main ways which determines if you will be approved or not is your debt-to-income ratios. While you must not make too much money, you also must not have too much debt. Your debt-to-income ratio is how much monthly debt you have (only those debts which show on your credit report are counted) compared to your bring home income. So if your household income is $4,000/month, and your currently monthly debts (excluding rent), combined with your new mortgage payment are $1,500/month, this would equal a 37.5% DTI ratios (this was calculated by taking $1,500 and dividing it by $4,000).
  • Credit Score – The minimum credit score varies from lender to lender, but most want to see at least a 640 credit score for you to be approved.
  • Mortgage Insurance – USDA loans have their own version of mortgage insurance. It is called the “Guaranteed Fee” and works similarly to how FHA loans have upfront and monthly mortgage insurance premiums (MIP). With USDA loans, there is a 1.0% upfront guarantee fee, and a 0.350% annual guarantee fee that is divided into 12 payments each year. The amount of your annual fee (paid monthly) adjusts each and goes down as your loan balance does. Use our USDA calculator to get an idea of what your monthly payment will be:

 

What Are the USDA Programs That Exist?

The USDA has two primary loan programs that exist. This includes direct loans and guaranteed loans.

  • Direct Loan – These are loans made directly by the government. You do not have to go through a mortgage lender, but instead you apply with the Department of Agriculture.  The direct loan is named the USDA 502 Direct Loan.
  • Guaranteed Loans – Guaranteed loans are those processed and closed by a USDA mortgage lender.  This program is called the USDA 502 Guaranteed Loan. The USDA backs the loan, but does not issue the loan themselves.

The difference between these two, aside from who provides the financing, is eligibility requirements.  The USDA 502 direct loan is geared more towards lower income families that may have issue obtaining a loan from a mortgage lender.  The USDA 502 guaranteed loan allows for more borrowers, including those with more income, to get a USDA loan.  Some applicants may be able to get a direct or guaranteed loan.  When you speak with a mortgage representative, they will help you identify which programs are available to you.  You can then compare loan terms of any mortgage you qualify for.

How to Apply for a USDA Loan

It is very easy to apply for a USDA loan. In fact, we can prequalify you over the phone. The best way to apply is to request a free USDA loan consultation and a loan specialist will contact you. All we need for an initial pre qualification is for you to share some basic information and we can inform you of your eligibility.

Would You Like to Get Prequalified or Apply For a USDA Loan Now?

USDA Mortgage Questions and Answers

Are USDA loans only for farms and agricultural properties?
This is a very common question and something that many people wonder about since it is the Department of Agriculture that backs these loans. It is actually the complete opposite though. USDA loans are meant for residential homes in rural areas, not agricultural or farmland.

Can you buy a farm with a USDA?
USDA loans are strictly for residential properties, so no farm or land that is used for agricultural purposes are allowed. In simplest words, the property can not be income producing.

If USDA loans are for rural properties does that mean they are not available near cities?
Surprisingly this is not the case either. Another misconception about the USDA home buying program is that the loans are exclusively for homes in remote areas. There are actually plenty of eligible homes just outside of various urban/suburban areas. The best way for you to get an idea of what type of home you can buy, and where, is to use the USDA property eligibility search.

Can I buy an investment property with a USDA loan?
No, you may only use a USDA loan for a home that you personally occupy as the owner.

Can I finance the loan costs into the loan?
Yes, you can finance the closing costs and the upfront mortgage insurance into the loan. This means that you do not pay the fees out of pocket at closing, but instead it is added to the loan amount. It is important to note that you will then be paying interest on these fees if they are wrapped into the mortgage. Just some “food for thought” when you decide if that is something you want to do.

How much is mortgage insurance on USDA loans?
There are two types of mortgage insurance on USDA loans. This includes both upfront mortgage insurance and what is called the “annual fee”. The upfront amount is 1.00% of the loan amount. This can be added to the loan amount (as described in the question above). The “annual fee” is divided into your monthly payments. This fee is 0.35% of the loan balance (recalculated each year). So the amount goes down as you pay your mortgage. The annual fee of 0.35% is divided into 12 and added to the monthly payments. This is cheaper than FHA MIP (mortgage insurance premiums), as well as the PMI amounts on VA and conventional loans.

Do I have to be a first time home buyer?
The good news is you do not have to be a first time buyer. The only stipulation is that it must be your primary residence. So you must not currently own a home to be able to get a USDA loan.

What is the loan limits? How much can I borrow?
USDA loan limits adhere to the Fannie Mae / Freddie Mac conforming loan limits. For a single family residence, this amount is $417,000 in most areas of the county


http://www.emailmeform.com/builder/form/0bfJs9b6bK8TGoc6mQk9hIu
 
Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle Suite 3
Louisville, KY 40223
Company ID #1364 | MB73346
 


Text/call 502-905-3708
kentuckyloan@gmail.com

http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/
Disclaimer: No statement on this site is a commitment to make a loan. Loans are subject to borrower qualifications, including income, property evaluation, sufficient equity in the home to meet Loan-to-Value requirements, and final credit approval. Approvals are subject to underwriting guidelines, interest rates, and program guidelines and are subject to change without notice based on applicant’s eligibility and market conditions. Refinancing an existing loan may result in total finance charges being higher over the life of a loan. Reduction in payments may reflect a longer loan term. Terms of any loan may be subject to payment of points and fees by the applicant  Equal Opportunity Lender. NMLS#57916 http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/
 
— Some products and services may not be available in all states. Credit and collateral are subject to approval. Terms and conditions apply. This is not a commitment to lend. Programs, rates, terms and conditions are subject to change without notice. The content in this marketing advertisement has not been approved, reviewed, sponsored or endorsed by any department or government agency. Rates are subject to change and are subject to borrower(s) qualification.
 
 

 

Kentucky Rural Housing Loans and USDA Guaranteed Loan Underwriting Issues

Kentucky Rural Housing Loans and USDA Guaranteed Loan Issues

Seller Concessions:
Seller concessions cannot be used to pay down buyer’s debt.

Deferred Student Loans and Debt Ratio Calculations:
Deferred student loans should be included in the debt ratio calculations regardless of the
deferment period. If the credit report does not indicate a monthly repayment amount, Lender may use the monthly payment amount provided by the loan servicer, or 1% of the loan balance reflected on the RMCR.

Risk Layering:
Refers to the existence of multiple levels of risk in an application such as marginal credit, high repayment ratios, extensive use of other credit, payment shock, etc. Lenders should be very cautious when evaluating applications with multiple risk levels.

Payment Shock:
Measured by dividing the new PITI by previous housing expenses minus 1. In cases where payment shock is 100% or higher, no additional risk layering should be allowed unless strong compensating factors are present.
Example:
New PITI = $1,500
Current Rent = $650
$1500 ÷ $650 = 2.30 ‐ 1= 1.30 or 130%
The payment shock in this example is above 100% and therefore is a risk factor.

Credit Waivers:
The lender approves a credit waiver and supplies all back up documentation used in the decision making process. Lender must document that the instances of unacceptable credit must have been temporary in nature and beyond the applicant’s control or the result of a justifiable dispute relative to defective goods or services. A lender need not require collection accounts to be paid in full if there are mitigating circumstances as described in RD Instruction 1980.345 (d)(3). Credit scores of 640 and above may eliminate the need for lender documentation of credit waivers.

Interest Rate Buydowns:
Temporary interest rate buydowns are permitted with prior RD approval. Underwriting
requirements for temporary interest rate buydowns include:
 The mortgage loan must be underwritten at the note rate.
 Buydown funds may come from the seller, lender, or third party.
 Buydown funds may not come from the borrower.
 The initial interest rate is temporarily reduced no more than 2% below the note rate
and increased by no more than 1% annually for no more than 2 years.