- Annual Qualifying Income – The requirement for calculations to be included on the Income Calculation worksheet have been removed and should now be included on Attachment 9-B, the underwriter transmittal summary, FNMA form 1008/Freddie form 1077, or equivalent
- 4506-T – The requirement for asset statements to be reviewed to ensure borrowers have no additional income sources has been removed.
- Repayment Income – MCC income must now be included in repayment income.
- Boarder Income – USDA now considers a boarder as a household member and a boarder’s income must now be included in annual income calculation. Rent paid by boarders that is reported on tax returns must also be included in annual income.
- Capital Gains – USDA removed requirement from Repayment Income to provide evidence showing borrowers own additional property or assets that may be sold if additional income is needed to support the mortgage obligation
- Commission – The borrower must now show one year history in same or similar line of work to include commission in repayment income.
- Fellowship, Stipend, Scholarship – Scholarship award letters must now provide date of termination and USDA will no longer presume benefits with no expiration date will continue. USDA also added guidelines for GI Bill income and stated it cannot be included in annual or repayment income.
- MCC – This income must now be included in repayment income, but no history is required. A copy of the W-4 from employer is required to verify borrower is taking tax credit on monthly basis. Note: MCC’s are ineligible with FWL as qualifying income.
- Unreimbursed Business Income – only taxable income is allowed to be included in repayment income
- Section 8 – USDA removed requirement for section 8 income to be deducted from the monthly PITI to determine DTI if it is paid directly to the loan servicer when included in the repayment income.
- Self Employed Income – Federal tax returns must now be reviewed to determine gross income for annual calculations. Removed requirement to deduct business loss before entering as repayment income into GUS or on loan application. Clarified documentation requirements as most recent 2 years of federal tax returns / transcripts & YTD P&L may be audited or unaudited
- Social Security Income – clarified documentation options and will allow social security benefit statement or form SSA-1099/1042S to source
- Temporary Leave – The history requirements for repayment income has been changed and now income must be received by loan closing.
- Cash on Hand – The underwriter must review the reasonableness of accumulation based upon income stream, spending habits, etc. and cash on hand can no longer be included in reserves
- Gift Funds – Clarification provided on how gift funds must be sourced when gift funds have been deposited into borrower’s account, not deposited into borrower’s account, or if funds are being wired directly to the settlement agent.
- Large Deposits – USDA no longer addresses lump sum additions.
2021 Kentucky Rural Development Mortgage Guide
- 30 year fixed rate only for Purchases and Existing USDA loans Refinances.
- Zero down Mortgage loan with no loan limits!
- Upfront funding fee is 1.0% and annual mi fee is .35% (very low compared to FHA)
- Typically cannot own other real estate. There are exceptions to this.
- You do not have to be a first-time home buyer in Kentucky
- Can refinance existing USDA loan as long as lowering rate by 1% and can do without an appraisal. There are overlays to this by lenders.
- Closing costs and prepaids can be paid by seller but must be put into contract
- Closing costs may be financed into the loan up to the appraised value.
- You will need two credit trade lines reporting at least for 12 months on your credit file. They don’t have to be open and active. Just reporting on your credit report.
- All Guaranteed Mortgage Loans are ran through GUS. GUS stands for the Guaranteed Underwriting System. USDA and their underwriters use this system to pre-approve you. They review credit score/history, income, debt to income ratio and assets to determine your loan eligibility. If your credit score is below 640 or your debt to income ratio is over 45%, it will get a refer and you will find most lenders will not approve the loan.
- Some lenders will do a credit score down to 600, but they will want a lot of documentation to overturn the refer and compensating factors for the lower credit score. They typically will need to verify rent for last 12 months, with no lates, cash payments are not acceptable, and debt to income ratios are set at 29% and 41% respectively. Reserves are typically helpful too on lower credit scores, so keep in that in mind, if you have money in a savings account, for a rainy day fund, this will help sometimes get the loan approved.
- If you have access to 20% down payment you cannot use the USDA Program. Money in a retirement account does not account toward the 20% rule.
- Properties must be located in an eligible area of Kentucky. Typically the large metro areas of Kentucky including the following: all of Jefferson County, all of Fayette County, Owensboro, Paducah, Hopkinsville, Bowling Green, Richmond, Frankfort and Northern KY cities of Covington, Florence, Erlanger, Beechwood, Richwood are not eligible
USDA Eligible Areas In Northern Kentucky for Boone, Kenton, Campbell, Grant Counties
- Highland Heights
- Cold Springs
- All Of Grant County, Pendleton County And Owen County
A property must be located in an eligible area in order to use a USDA loan to purchase a home. Contrary to belief, Rural Development loans are not only for farms or very rural homes.
Actually, a property with an operating and income producing farm is not eligible for these loans!
2021 Kentucky USDA Rural Max Income Limits:
- New Income limits for most counties (*) in Kentucky are $90,200 for a 4 unit household and household families of five or more + can make up to $119,200.
- The Northern Kentucky Counties (***) of Boon, Kenton, Campbell, Bracken, Gallatin, and Pendleton are $99,500 for a household of four or less and up to $129,400 for a family of five or more.
- With the new changes for 2019 USDA Income limits, the Jefferson County Louisville, KY Metro area (**) saw an increase of $90,200 for a family of four and up to $119,100 for a family of five or more. The metro area includes Oldham, Bullitt, Spencer, Hardin, Larue and Meade are including in these higher income limits for USDA loans.Remember, Jefferson County Kentucky, Fayette County Kentucky are not eligible for USDA loans.,Below is the website where you can check and make sure
Some More Facts about a Kentucky USDA loan:
It’s a two step approval process. The chosen USDA lender must first underwrite the file and get it approved based on the income, assets, and credit report submitted. Then, the lenders must submit to USDA for a “conditional commitment”. This conditional commitment is the final loan approval paperwork you are looking for.
Even though the lender may have approved the file, it still must go to USDA office in Lexington for an assignment to SFH underwriter for the final approval process. They typically are checking the appraisal and income at this stage. There have been instances where the lender would approve the file but USDA would not due to appraisal issues or income and job history.
This is very rare instances, so keep that in mind when it comes to final loan approval.
This two-step approval process usually adds 4-6 days to the final loan approval process, so keep that in mind when you are writing up your contract because it takes a little longer to close these loans vs FHA, VA, and Fannie Mae loans.
Well Test Treatments: Properties with a well as the primary drinking source will require a well water test. There are local labs to perform this test and the water must pass.
Septic Test: Sometimes they will require the septic tank to be inspected if called for in the appraisal report or home inspection.
Older Homes: As a general rule, USDA does not like homes older than 100 years old. They will sometimes require a home inspection in addition to the mandatory appraisal on older homes.
USDA Loan After a Short Sale: A short sale is not the end of the world. So it is very possible to obtain a USDA loan if 3 years have passed after the short sale. But a buyer would need re-established good rent and other credit history.
Bankruptcy and Foreclosure: If the mortgage debt that was foreclosed, was included in a Bankruptcy – then the USDA Home Loan waiting periods after foreclosure “waiting period” of 3 years, starts from the date of the discharge of the Bankruptcy. Because it can take 6 months or more for Banks to process the Foreclosure, and transfer title, this is a tremendous plus.
- Fixed Payment Loans: A permanent amortized, fixed payment may be used when it can be documented that the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed.
- Non-Fixed Payment Loans (i.e. deferred, income based, graduated, adjustable, etc.): The payment should be calculated as the greater of 0.5% of the loan balance or the actual payment reflected on the credit report. No additional documentation is required.
Income from all occupants of the household must be included as qualifying income regardless of whether or not they are obligated on the note. Income eligibility can be determined from the following USDA web site. Final eligibility must still be determined by USDA
When a borrower has a rental property it must also be included in the eligibility calculation.
- Positive net rental income is included in the eligibility income for the household
- Negative net rental income is counted as zero for eligibility income
The underwriter is responsible for calculating income and approving the loan. Applicants with commission only position’s, or varying amounts of overtime and bonus income may not exhibit enough stable monthly income to qualify. Typically, income of less than 24 months duration should not be included in qualifying income.
- Salaried Borrowers
- Pay-stubs covering most recent 30 day period, W-2’s for the previous two years and telephone verification of employment performed by Freedom Mortgage (paystub must show at least 30 days of year-to-date earnings).
- If overtime, commission, or bonus income is used for qualifying purposes the file must be documented with a two year history of receipt and be expected to continue.
- Standard VOE, sent directly to the employer, along with the borrower’s most recent paystub.
- Self-Employed Borrowers
- Copies of the borrower’s signed individual Federal tax returns that were filed with the IRS for the most recent two years. As an alternative, the Freedom may obtain IRS-issued transcripts of the borrower’s tax returns, as long as the transcripts include the information from all of the applicable schedules. The tax return documentation should be complete and include all appropriate schedules.
- The self-employed applicant also should submit current documentation of the business’s income and expenses, including any applicable Federal tax returns that were filed with the IRS for the most recent two years as well as year-to-date profit and loss and balance statements.
- Rental Income
- Rental income may only be counted for repayment income if the lease has been in place for at least two years. For leases older than two years, count positive net rental income in repayment income and negative net rental income as debt. If rental income is not received for a full two year period then the full PITIA must be used in the debt to income calculation.
- Rental income calculation – reduce monthly gross income by a 25% vacancy rate, and then the monthly PITI, HOA dues, etc. are subtracted. If positive then include in income if negative include in DTI.
All other income sources refer to USDA guidelines for all income guidelines and documentation requirements
- Assets are not required; however, any assets disclosed must be supported with appropriate documentation
- Satisfactory explanation and documentation should be provided for large deposits or increases in liquid assets
- Cash on hand is not acceptable
- Bank accounts require Verification of Deposit with average 2 month balance, or 2 consecutive months statements dated within 45 days of loan application
- Earnest money deposit may be considered an asset if deposit is not already reflected in liquid assets
- Asset amount of retirement accounts is 60% of the vested account balance
- Gifts must be documented through gift donor letter and establish that gift does not have to be repaid
- For sale proceeds of real property, provide HUD-1 or equivalent closing statement to indicate the actual amount of cash proceeds realized by the borrower
- Stocks and bonds must be documented by a statement provide by stockbroker or financial institution managing the portfolio
- Households with net family assets of greater than $5,000 require that the actual income derived from all net family assets or a percentage of the value of such assets based on the current passbook savings rate be considered when calculating income.