Kentucky Rural Housing USDA Highlights for 2021
Kentucky USDA Rural Development Guaranteed Lending Program is geared to assist low to moderate income families realize home ownership. Below are some important highlights:
Sites must be modest and developed in accordance with any standards imposed by a State or local government. Therefore, the lender must verify that the following requirements are met at the time of application.
- Site size The site size must be typical for the area. (Some acreage is fine as long as it is normal and the appraisal has comparable sales with similar acreage)
- Income-Producing Buildings. The property must not include buildings designed and to be used principally for income-producing purposes. For example barns, silos, greenhouses, or livestock facilities used primarily for income producing agricultural, farming or commercial enterprise are ineligible. However, barn, silos, livestock facilities or greenhouses no longer in use for a commercial operation, used for storage, and outbuildings such as storage sheds are permitted if they are not used primarily for income producing agricultural, farming or commercial enterprise. A minimal income-producing activity, such as maintaining a garden that generates a small amount of additional income, does not violate this requirement. Home-based operations such as childcare, product sales, or craft production that do not require specific features are not restricted. A qualified property must be predominantly residential in use, character and appearance.
- Income-Producing Land. The site must not have income-producing land that will be used principally for income producing purposes. Vacant land or properties used primarily for agricultural, farming or commercial enterprise are ineligible. Sites that have income-producing characteristics (e.g. large tracts of arable land ready for planting) are considered income-producing property. However maintaining a garden for personal use is not in violation of this requirement. A minimal income-producing activity, such as a garden that could generate a small amount of additional income does not violate this requirement. A qualified property must be predominantly residential in use, character and appearance.
- Site Specifications. The site must be contiguous to and have direct access from a street, road, or driveway. Streets and roads must be hard surfaced or all weather surfaced and legally enforceable arrangements must be in place to ensure that needed maintenance will be provided.
- Utilities. The site must be supported by adequate utilities and water and wastewater disposal systems.
Kentucky USDA Rural Development Fee Reduction
USDA has just announced that they are planning to lower both the Guarantee Fee and the Annual Fee for RHS loans in Fiscal Year 2017. Effective for loans receiving commitments from RHS on or after October 1, 2016, the following fee changes will be in effect
There are two types of Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Home loans available to rural Kentucky Home buyers through Rural Development:
Direct homeownership loans and guaranteed home ownership loans.
Let’s first look at the 502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky
502 Direct USDA Loan in Kentucky:
With a Kentucky Direct Loan 502, the applicant applies directly to the USDA office serving their location in Kentucky. There are about 13 different locations . They lend the money direct from USDA , 100 percent financing, for the low rate currently at 3 percent on a 33 year term.
For a direct home loan, the purchase, construction, repair and rehabilitation of a single family home in rural areas must be used for the applicant’s permanent residence. “For manufactured housing, only new construction can be funded,” he explained.
Credit scores of 640 or greater are typically acceptable with a minimum number of trade lines (2 usually for 12 months can be opened or closed) that have been open and active.
No down payment typically is required- Loans may be up to 100 percent of the appraised value. Homebuyer education is required prior to closing for the Direct USDA Loan 502 program
Student Loans and their Impact in the Total Debt Ratio for a USDA Home Mortgage in Kentucky
Recent updates to the 3555 Handbook intended to simplify guidance for the delivery of the guaranteed loan program have caused some misperception in regards to total debt ratio calculations, specifically in the subject of student loans. The Agency is working on revisions to Chapter 11: Ratio Analysis; however, we want to further clarify the subject at this time.
Total debt includes monthly housing expenses plus any other credit obligations incurred by the applicant. Student loan payments must be included in the calculation of the total debt-to-income ratio and captured under liabilities on the application. Student loan payments should be treated as described below:
Fixed payment loans: A fixed payment may be used in the debt ratio when the lender retains documentation to verify the payment is fixed, the interest rate is fixed, and the repayment term is fixed. There must be no future adjustments to the terms of the student loan payments.
Non-Fixed payment loans: Payments for deferred loans, Income Based Repayment (IBR), Graduated, Adjustable, and other types of repayment agreements which are not fixed cannot be used in the total debt ratio calculation. One percent of the loan balance reflected on the credit report must be used as the monthly payment. No additional documentation is required.
- If the credit report on a loan with RHS approval will expire prior to loan closing, a new credit report outside of GUS can be pulled. If the new report shows no changes to credit, then the loan does not need to be resubmitted to RHS for re-approval.
- RHS considers a loan as qualifying for conventional credit if all of the following are true
- Borrower has eligible assets to meet a 20% down payment AND reasonable closing costs; AND
- The loan meets all current FNMA guidelines
- Assets should be calculated using the lesser of a two month average balance or the current bank statement/recent VOD.
- Debts omitted in GUS now require that reason for omission be listed in the “Notes” section.
- Military applicants are no longer required to provide evidence of pending discharge.
- The following are now considered part of the Household income when determining income eligibility
- Documented pay raise/cost of living raise to occur on or prior to closing
- Income from spouse living apart less than 3 months, unless divorce or legal separation proceedings have been commenced
- Continuance is automatically assumed on Social Security income unless the benefit letter specifically states an expiration date.
- Payments for the care of foster children or adults cannot be used as income.
- Authorized User accounts can be used to meet tradeline requirements if 12 months payment can be documented by the borrower.
- 30 day accounts paid each month do not have to be included in the DTI.
- Previous mortgage liabilities disposed of without release of liability (i.e. divorce, assumed, etc.) can be excluded from the debt calculation if the transaction can be fully documented along with 12 months of mortgage payments by the remaining party
- Judgments accounts may be excluded from the debt calculation if less than 10 months remain on the repayment plan.
- Charge-off accounts should not be included as a liability or a debt.
- Debts incurring a significant impact on repayment are now defined as being 5% or more of the gross monthly income.
- USDA does not have to be added to the appraisal as an intended user.
- Specific photograph requirements have been added to include
- Front view
- Rear View
- Street scene identifying location and showing neighboring improvements
- Kitchen, main living area, bathrooms, bedrooms
- Any other rooms representing overall condition, recent updates, restoration, remodeling, and renovation
- Basement, attic, and crawl space
- At least a front view of each comparable used in determining the valuation
- Common areas and shared amenities (Condos only)
- Additional safety measures are required for properties in a flood zone which also use private septic & water systems.
Use the greater of one percent (1%) of the outstanding loan balance or the verified fixed payment as reflected on the credit report.
Income Based Repayment (IBR) plans, graduated plans, adjustable rates, interest only and deferred plans are examples of repayment plans that are subject to change. These types of repayment plans are unacceptable to represent a long term fixed payment plan.
February 12, 2016
KY USDA Rural Housing Credit Report Update 2016
Effective immediately, an applicant’s credit score may be validated with at least two eligible trade lines instead of three trade lines as previously required. Such trade lines consist of credit accounts (revolving, installment, etc.) with at least twelve months of repayment history reported on the credit report. Corresponding revisions to the 3555 Handbook will be posted on the USDA Rural Development’s Regulation and Guidance website on March 9, 2016.
At least one applicant whose income or assets are used for qualification must have a valid credit report score or have at least two historical trade line references that have existed for at least 12 months to establish a credit reputation.
For applicants without an established credit history and unable to establish the required number of eligible trade lines to validate the credit score, alternative methods may be used to evidence an applicant’s willingness to pay, such as a non-traditional mortgage credit report or multiple independent verifications of trade references per 7 CFR 3555, Section 3555.151 (i)(6).
Non-traditional credit may not be used to enhance poor payment records or low credit scores. GUS applications receiving an “Accept” underwriting recommendation, but which fail to meet the credit score validation test using a traditional credit report, must be downgraded to a “Refer” by the lender. In these instances the use of a non-traditional credit history will be required in order to proceed.
Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior Loan Officer
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle Suite 3
Company ID #1364 | MB73346
The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people.
, NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). I lend in the following states: Kentucky
|Kentucky USDA Guaranteed Rural Housing Loans are one of the only “no money down” options available to home buyers today. Kentucky USDA loans aren’t just in the country. Many other areas fall within the USDA Kentucky Rural Housing designated areas, so opportunities may be closer than you think. To view eligible rural areas near you, CLICK HERE to access the USDA lookup tool on their website.
This program is very attractive to low-to-moderate income buyers:
2015 Kentucky Rural Housing USDA Changes
KY USDA Up-Front Guarantee Fee Increase Effective October 1st, 2015
Any Kentucky RHS USDA loan that has not received conditional commitment from state Rural Development Offices in Lexington, KY by end of business on 9/30 will be subject to the 2.75% up-front guarantee fee increase.
|Loan Purpose||Loans obligated at RD on and after 10/01/2014||Loans obligated at RD on and after10/01/2015|
|Purchase Up-Front Guarantee Fee||2.0%||2.75%|
|Refinance Up-Front Guarantee Fee||2.0%||2.75%|
Senior Loan Officer
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