Kentucky USDA Guideline Changes for Income, Student Loans, and total debt ratios.

Kentucky USDA Guideline Changes for Income, Student Loans, and total debt ratios.

Updated HB-1-3555, Chapter 11, Ratio Analysis

The Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program (SFHGLP) is pleased to announce revisions to technical HB-1-3555, Chapter 11, Ratio Analysis. An advance copy of the proposed changes was made available on July 20, 2021.  These changes became effective upon the recent issuance of a Procedure Notice (PN).  Below are the highlighted revisions:

Chapter 11- Ratio Analysis

11.2 B. The Total Debt Ratio:

  • Student Loans: Removed the phrase “the greater of” from Non-Fixed payment loans and added guidance regarding “when the payment is above zero” and “when the payment is zero”.
  • Revolving accounts: “with no outstanding balance” are not required to be closed.
  • Mortgages: Rental Property – Eliminated language regarding omission of mortgage debt.  Guidance for entry of rental income in GUS is provided in the GUS Lender User Guide under Section 4.1.4.1.1, Retained Investment Properties.
  • Added: Debt management plans:
    • Include the monthly payment amount due from the counseling plan.
    • Refer to Chapter 10 for guidance on credit exception and documentation requirements.

11.3 DEBT RATIO WAIVERS AND COMPENSATING FACTORS

A. Purchase Transactions: Debt Ratio Waivers

  • GUS Refer, Refer with Caution, and manually underwritten loans without GUS assistance:
    • Added: “The lender must document eligible compensating factors to support a debt ratio waiver.”
    • Added: “all” of the following conditions are met to the first paragraph.
  • Debt Ratio Waiver Request and Agency Approval:
    • Added: “The issuance of the Conditional Commitment for a Loan Note Guarantee represents Agency approval of the ratio waiver.”

B. Refinance Transactions: Debt Ratio Waivers

  • Added a bullet:  GUS files that receive a GUS recommendation of Refer, Refer with Caution, or are not supported by GUS, require debt ratio waivers, and supporting documentation must be submitted to the Agency.
  • Added: “The issuance of the Conditional Commitment for a Loan Note Guarantee represents Agency approval of the ratio waiver”. 

11.7 OBLIGATIONS NOT INCLUDED IN DEBT-TO-INCOME RATIOS

  • Added: “unless a payment plan is in place” to the second bullet concerning Federal, state, and local taxes.

Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.10602 Timberwood Circle Louisville, KY 40223Company NMLS ID #1364

click here for directions to our office
Text/call:      502-905-3708fax:            502-327-9119
email:
          kentuckyloan@gmail.com

https://www.mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com/

Fiscal Year 2022 Conditional Commitment for Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans

Conditional Commitment for Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans


Fiscal Year 2022 Conditional Commitment NoticeWith the start of Fiscal Year 2022 (FY) soon approaching, please take a few minutes to review the Single-Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program (SFHGLP) Conditional Commitment process. We hope you find this information helpful.FY 2022 will begin October 1, 2021 and ends at the close of business September 30, 2022.Fee Structures:An upfront guarantee fee of 1.00 percent and an annual fee of .35 percent will apply to both purchase and refinance transactions for FY 2022.Issuance of Conditional Commitments:At the beginning of each fiscal year, funding for the guaranteed loan program is not available for a short period of time – approximately two weeks. USDA anticipates this brief lapse in funding to continue for FY 2022. During the temporary lapse in funding, Rural Development – Rural Housing Service (RHS) will issue Conditional Commitments (Form RD 3555-18/18E) “subject to the availability of commitment authority” for purchase and refinance transactions. The issued Conditional Commitment will include the following:“Funds are not presently available for this Conditional Commitment. The Rural Development-Rural Housing Service (RHS) obligation under this Conditional Commitment is contingent upon the availability of an appropriation from which payment for contract purposes can be made. No legal liability on the part of RHS for any payment on this Conditional Commitment may arise until funds are made available to RHS for this Conditional Commitment and until the Lender receives notice of such availability, to be confirmed in writing by RHS.  More specifically, this Conditional Commitment is subject to RHS receiving sufficient funds (in the Program Funds Control System for the Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program for the Type of Assistance and State of application submission) to fund this and all prior eligible outstanding applications in their entirety in the time and date order received. When such funds become available, RHS will notify the lender, and the guarantee process will continue subject to all applicable Agency regulations and conditions set forth in this Conditional Commitment. RHS will not reserve loan funds for applications in process during this timeframe. Lenders may close the loan as scheduled. The lender will assume all risk of loss for the loan until RHS obligates funds and the Loan Note Guarantee is subsequently issued. When the lender requests the Loan Note Guarantee, the lender must certify to the Agency, using the process provided in this commitment, that there have been no adverse changes to the borrower’s financial condition since the date the Conditional Commitment was issued by the Agency. The lender will submit the appropriate guarantee fee at the time they request the Loan Note Guarantee. The loan will be subject to an annual fee of 0.35 percent over the average scheduled unpaid principal balance of the loan. The Agency will not be able to issue the Loan Note Guarantee until these conditions are met and funding is obligated.”The application processing workflow is as follows:Rural Development will continue to accept complete guaranteed loan applications for purchase and refinance loan transactions from approved lenders;Rural Development will process, approve, and issue Conditional Commitments for those applications that are eligible “subject to the availability of commitment authority”;Lenders may close loans as scheduled;When funds become available, Rural Development will utilize the Electronic Customer File (ECF) system to advance the file to “Obligate Application” for Conditional Commitments that were issued for loans subject to the availability of commitment authority;Once loans are obligated, Rural Development may process lender’s Loan Note Guarantee requests when the loan closing is verified, and all conditions of the Conditional Commitment are satisfied;Lenders assume all loss default risk for the loan until Rural Development is able to obligate the loan and issue the Loan Note Guarantee.  Thank you for your participation in the USDA Single Family Housing Guaranteed Program. We look forward to serving you in FY 2022!

Posted by Joel Lobb, Mortgage Broker FHA, VA, KHC, USDA  Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest

Conditional Commitment for Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loans


Fiscal Year 2022 Conditional Commitment NoticeWith the start of Fiscal Year 2022 (FY) soon approaching, please take a few minutes to review the Single-Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program (SFHGLP) Conditional Commitment process. We hope you find this information helpful.FY 2022 will begin October 1, 2021 and ends at the close of business September 30, 2022.Fee Structures:An upfront guarantee fee of 1.00 percent and an annual fee of .35 percent will apply to both purchase and refinance transactions for FY 2022.Issuance of Conditional Commitments:At the beginning of each fiscal year, funding for the guaranteed loan program is not available for a short period of time – approximately two weeks. USDA anticipates this brief lapse in funding to continue for FY 2022. During the temporary lapse in funding, Rural Development – Rural Housing Service (RHS) will issue Conditional Commitments (Form RD 3555-18/18E) “subject to the availability of commitment authority” for purchase and refinance transactions. The issued Conditional Commitment will include the following:“Funds are not presently available for this Conditional Commitment. The Rural Development-Rural Housing Service (RHS) obligation under this Conditional Commitment is contingent upon the availability of an appropriation from which payment for contract purposes can be made. No legal liability on the part of RHS for any payment on this Conditional Commitment may arise until funds are made available to RHS for this Conditional Commitment and until the Lender receives notice of such availability, to be confirmed in writing by RHS.  More specifically, this Conditional Commitment is subject to RHS receiving sufficient funds (in the Program Funds Control System for the Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program for the Type of Assistance and State of application submission) to fund this and all prior eligible outstanding applications in their entirety in the time and date order received. When such funds become available, RHS will notify the lender, and the guarantee process will continue subject to all applicable Agency regulations and conditions set forth in this Conditional Commitment. RHS will not reserve loan funds for applications in process during this timeframe. Lenders may close the loan as scheduled. The lender will assume all risk of loss for the loan until RHS obligates funds and the Loan Note Guarantee is subsequently issued. When the lender requests the Loan Note Guarantee, the lender must certify to the Agency, using the process provided in this commitment, that there have been no adverse changes to the borrower’s financial condition since the date the Conditional Commitment was issued by the Agency. The lender will submit the appropriate guarantee fee at the time they request the Loan Note Guarantee. The loan will be subject to an annual fee of 0.35 percent over the average scheduled unpaid principal balance of the loan. The Agency will not be able to issue the Loan Note Guarantee until these conditions are met and funding is obligated.”The application processing workflow is as follows:Rural Development will continue to accept complete guaranteed loan applications for purchase and refinance loan transactions from approved lenders;Rural Development will process, approve, and issue Conditional Commitments for those applications that are eligible “subject to the availability of commitment authority”;Lenders may close loans as scheduled;When funds become available, Rural Development will utilize the Electronic Customer File (ECF) system to advance the file to “Obligate Application” for Conditional Commitments that were issued for loans subject to the availability of commitment authority;Once loans are obligated, Rural Development may process lender’s Loan Note Guarantee requests when the loan closing is verified, and all conditions of the Conditional Commitment are satisfied;Lenders assume all loss default risk for the loan until Rural Development is able to obligate the loan and issue the Loan Note Guarantee.  Thank you for your participation in the USDA Single Family Housing Guaranteed Program. We look forward to serving you in FY 2022!

Effective on 9/18/21, Fannie Mae announced that their Automated Underwriting System will now take an AVERAGE of the two scores for qualifying

Effective on 9/18/21, Fannie Mae announced that their Automated Underwriting System will now take an AVERAGE of the two scores for qualifying https://kyfirsttimehomebuyer.wordpress.com/2021/08/18/effective-on-9-18-21-fannie-mae-announced-that-their-automated-underwriting-system-will-now-take-an-average-of-the-two-scores-for-qualifying/ via
@kentuckyloan
#creditscore #ficoscore #mortgage #homeloan #mortgagebroker

Effective on 9/18/21, Fannie Mae announced that their Automated Underwriting System will now take an AVERAGE of the two scores for qualifying https://kyfirsttimehomebuyer.wordpress.com/2021/08/18/effective-on-9-18-21-fannie-mae-announced-that-their-automated-underwriting-system-will-now-take-an-average-of-the-two-scores-for-qualifying/ via @kentuckyloan #creditscore #ficoscore #mortgage #homeloan #mortgagebroker

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Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Changes for Below

USDA Advance Copy Notice HB-1-3555 Chapter 11
USDA has announced that Chapter 11 of the HB-1-3555 will be updated and an advanced copy has been provided.  Changes will become effective after USDA issues a Special Procedure Notice.

  • Clarification was added that revolving accounts with no outstanding balance are not required to be closed.
  • USDA eliminated guidelines provided that a retained property that has been rented for 24 months or longer may be omitted from the DTI, and
  • Added guidance that the income received from rents may only be included in the repayment calculation if the property has been rented for 24 mo. or more.
  • Guidelines were added that monthly payment for borrowers in debt management plans must be included in the DTI.
  • The calculation guidelines for Non-Fixed Student Loan Payments were updated removing the requirement for the greater of calculation to be used and added guidance for when the payment amount is zero.
  • Additional guidance was added that compensating factors supporting Debt Ratio Waivers for manually underwritten loans must be documented.
  • Clarification was added that federal, state and local taxes don’t need to be included in the DTI unless there is a payment plan in place.

Refer to the Advance Copy Notice HB-1-3555 Chapter 11 and Chapter 11: Ratio Analysis

USDA Mortgage Benefits for First Time Buyers in Kentucky

Kentucky USDA Mortgage Benefits for First Time Buyers in Kentucky 

Kentucky USDA Mortgage Benefits for First Time Buyers in Kentucky

100% mortgage financing at competitive fixed interest rates with USDA home loans  Credit score requirements (620 to 640)  are less restrictive than most conventional home loan programs.

Kentucky USDA loans also offer a single upfront mortgage insurance premium which may be financed. Currently only 1% of the loan and a monthly mi premium of .35% which is very cheap considering the lower credit score requirements and no money down financing. The mortgage insurance is the same for everyone, does not matter what your credit score is or how much down payment you have.

You can look up individual properties on USDA’s website here for Kentucky eligible areas.

You can also research single family housing income eligibility for Kentucky  here.

.
You may qualify if your Chapter 7 bankruptcy was discharged three years prior.

USDA loans can be used to finance most types of single family properties although some exception may apply. Homes must be used as borrowers’ primary residences and not used as second homes or rental properties.

Farms and commercial properties are not eligible through USDA Rural Housing Development Guaranteed Loans.

In many cases USDA permits sellers to contribute borrowers’ closing costs and can be financed up to the appraised value if home appraises for more.

Here are the highlights of USDA Mortgages
. Down Payment: 0% down payment
 Closing Costs: up to 6%
. Credit Score: Minimum none–but lenders create overlays..typically 640 to     get  a GUS Automated approval
. Lower monthly mortgage insurance costs (PMI) versus FHA
. There is NO maximum set loan amount limit with USDA Rural Housing.
. No large savings are needed to qualify for USDA loans.
 The debt to income, or DTI is limited to 45% – lower than most other loan programs.
 The location of the home determines if it will be a USDA loan.
. The home can be a regular sale, short sale, foreclosure home or bank owned home single family, townhome or approved condo.
 Mobile/Manufactured homes and “build on your own land” not available.
. Applies for First-time home buyers, or move-up buyers.
 No special first-time buyer’s class, down payment assistance, or bond money is needed.
Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
 

Text/call:      502-905-3708

fax:            502-327-9119
email:
          kentuckyloan@gmail.com

 

Kentucky USDA Guideline Updates for 2021

  • Annual Qualifying Income – The requirement for calculations to be included on the Income Calculation worksheet have been removed and should now be included on Attachment 9-B, the underwriter transmittal summary, FNMA form 1008/Freddie form 1077, or equivalent
  • 4506-T – The requirement for asset statements to be reviewed to ensure borrowers have no additional income sources has been removed.
  • Repayment Income – MCC income must now be included in repayment income.
  • Boarder Income – USDA now considers a boarder as a household member and a boarder’s income must now be included in annual income calculation. Rent paid by boarders that is reported on tax returns must also be included in annual income.
  • Capital Gains – USDA removed requirement from Repayment Income to provide evidence showing borrowers own additional property or assets that may be sold if additional income is needed to support the mortgage obligation
  • Commission – The borrower must now show one year history in same or similar line of work to include commission in repayment income.
  • Fellowship, Stipend, Scholarship – Scholarship award letters must now provide date of termination and USDA will no longer presume benefits with no expiration date will continue. USDA also added guidelines for GI Bill income and stated it cannot be included in annual or repayment income.
  • MCC – This income must now be included in repayment income, but no history is required. A copy of the W-4 from employer is required to verify borrower is taking tax credit on monthly basis. Note: MCC’s are ineligible with FWL as qualifying income.
  • Unreimbursed Business Income – only taxable income is allowed to be included in repayment income
  • Section 8 – USDA removed requirement for section 8 income to be deducted from the monthly PITI to determine DTI if it is paid directly to the loan servicer when included in the repayment income.
  • Self Employed Income – Federal tax returns must now be reviewed to determine gross income for annual calculations. Removed requirement to deduct business loss before entering as repayment income into GUS or on loan application. Clarified documentation requirements as most recent 2 years of federal tax returns / transcripts & YTD P&L may be audited or unaudited
  • Social Security Income – clarified documentation options and will allow social security benefit statement or form SSA-1099/1042S to source
  • Temporary Leave – The history requirements for repayment income has been changed and now income must be received by loan closing.
  • Cash on Hand – The underwriter must review the reasonableness of accumulation based upon income stream, spending habits, etc. and cash on hand can no longer be included in reserves
  • Gift Funds – Clarification provided on how gift funds must be sourced when gift funds have been deposited into borrower’s account, not deposited into borrower’s account, or if funds are being wired directly to the settlement agent.
  • Large Deposits – USDA no longer addresses lump sum additions.

Kentucky Rural Housing USDA loan program

What are the eligibility requirements for a Kentucky USDA loan?

 

The Kentucky Rural Housing USDA loan program has certain eligibility requirements .

Must be located in a eligible USDA Rural Housing Area.
The home would be your primary residence, not a rental property
Household income requirements beginning around $86,850 for a family of four and up to $115,400 for a family of five or more
Clear Cavirs Numbers.
No minimum credit score requirement but most lenders that offer USDA loans will want a 620 credit score or higher

What are USDA loan fees in Kentucky for 2020?

There are two fees on a USDA loan. An upfront fee, called the Guarantee fee and the monthly annual fee.

The upfront guarantee fee for fiscal year 2020 is 1 percent of the loan amount. This fee can often be rolled into the mortgage, instead of paying it out of pocket. The annual fee for  is .35 percent of the loan amount.

It’s important to check the maximum income limits   for your family size and where you live to get the most accurate data.

 

Advantages of USDA Loans

Zero Down Payment

Low Credit Score Requirements

Can finance closing costs up to appraised value

Streamline refinance an existing USDA with less documentation

No max loan amount

 

Disadvantages  of USDA Loans

only eligible in rural areas

Must be 3 years removed from bankruptcy or foreclosure

Limited to Income Requirements

Debt to income ratios tighter qualifying guidelines than FHA, Fannie Mae

Joel Lobb Mortgage Loan Officer Individual NMLS ID #57916 American Mortgage Solutions, Inc. 10602 Timberwood Circle Louisville, KY 40223 Company NMLS ID #1364 click here for directions to our office Text/call: 502-905-3708 fax: 502-327-9119 email: kentuckyloan@gmail.com https://www.mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com/

Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle 
Louisville, KY 40223
Company NMLS ID #1364
 

Text/call:      502-905-3708


email:
          kentuckyloan@gmail.com

 

Kentucky Rural Development Loans 100% Financing.

USDA Loans in Kentucky. Updated Qualifying Guidelines 

What is Kentucky  USDA Rural Development Guarantee?

Kentucky USDA Rural Development Guarantee USDA loans offer 100% financing options on home purchases in rural areas of Kentucky.  Properties though can be located within city limits and in subdivisions depending on the population density of that particular County of Kentucky. Jefferson and Fayette Counties, the two largest counties of Kentucky are not eligible for Rural Development Loans.

Full Credit Guidelines below ….click on link for USDA Mortgage Credit Guidelines

👇

https://www.rd.usda.gov/files/RD-SFH-CreditNotes.pdf

Some highlights of the KY Rural Housing loan program are:

  • 100% financing on purchases with no down payment
  • Low 30 year fixed rates. No prepayment penalty.
  •  Rural Housing monthly guarantee fee of .35%
  • Upfront Rural Housing funding fee of 1% of the loan amount and is financed into new loan
  • No  Minimum credit scores but helpful to have 620 or higher with most USDA lenders with a 640 and get an automated underwriting approval thru Rural Housing’s underwriting engine – GUS-GUS Stands for the automated Underwriting system they use online to pre-approve you for a loan.
  • Each lender will set their own credit and debt to income criteria
  • No rental verification needed with GUS approval
  • No foreclosures in the last 36 months, 
  • A bankruptcy discharged at least 36 months

For a USDA eligible areas in Kentucky, see the property and income eligibility search, please click HERE.

Things to look for in your  Rural Housing property search in Kentucky below:

  • Avoid homes in flood zones – RD is very restrictive for homes in flood zones. They will do them in flood zones just watch out for the costly premiums.
  • Avoid homes with cisterns – they are extremely difficult to get financed
  • Be aware that homes with wells and septic systems needed extra tests for contamination
  • Avoid homes with any income-producing activities such as working farms, detached buildings with offices or car lifts for auto repairs, or anything else related to income-producing activities.
  • Manufactured homes or doublewides must be brand new. No used mobile homes are allowed.
  • Must meet FHA standards on appraisals so watch out for this on older homes with crawl spaces. 
  • Must have a permanent heat source and no wood stoves as permanent heat sources
  • Homes that are in need of major repairs.

Put my experience of originating KY USDA loans to work for you. I have successfully originated over 200 Rural Housing Mortgage Loans in Kentucky. I offer free pre-approvals and will help you from start to finish and I usually attend all my closings in Kentucky. 

Get Qualified for a Kentucky USDA Loan Now!

Joel Lobb
Mortgage Loan Officer
Individual NMLS ID #57916
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.

Text/call:      502-905-370

fax:            502-327-9119
email:
          kentuckyloan@gmail.com
 

The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.

All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation and are originated by lender. Products and interest rates are subject to change without notice. Manufactured and mobile homes are not eligible as collateral.



https://www.emailmeform.com/builder/form/0bfJs9b6bK8TGoc6mQk9hIu

USDA Home Loan in Kentucky Compared to FHA loans in Kentucky.

 

Why use USDA financing for your next home purchase in Kentucky?

There are very few ways to purchase a home these days in Kentucky without a typical 3.5% down payment that is required for an FHA loans in Kentucky.  Many home buyers in Kentucky are surprised to find that a USDA Home Loan offers a lower payment than an FHA loan, even with NO DOWN PAYMENT!  “How can this be?” you ask.  The reason is because a Kentucky USDA home loan requires much lower MORTGAGE INSURANCE.

Kentucky FHA Loan vs. Kentucky USDA Loan Comparison

FHA USDA
   
   
$150,000 purchase price $150,000 purchase price
   
4.75% 30 year fixed rate 4.75% fixed rate
   
1.75% up front mortgage insurance (financed) 1.0% Guarantee Fee (financed)
  .85% month mi premium .35% monthly mi premium
$871.19 P&I monthly payment
with monthly mortgage insurance (not including taxes and insurance)
$826.86 P&I monthly payment (not including taxes and insurance
   
$5250.00 required down payment $0 down payment
   

A rural housing USDA loan saved this client $46.74 per month and they made NO DOWN PAYMENT!

Other benefits of Kentucky USDA Home Loans

  • Low up front closing costs
  • In some cases closing costs can be financed if home appraises for more than purchase price 
  • Minor credit problems OK with a minimum credit score of 581***Most lenders will want a 620 or 640 score or higher.
  • No maximum loan amounts just household income limits based on which Kentucky County you are buying a home.
  • Fixed Rates Only for 30 years with no prepay penalty

A Kentucky USDA rural housing loan strive to find anyway possible to approve your loan, however there are some cases where a USDA Loan is not an option;

a previous bankruptcy must be discharged 3 years,

you must occupy the home being purchased as your primary residence,

the home may not be used for income producing purposes (farm, rental, etc.),

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Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle Suite 3
Louisville, KY 40223
Company ID #1364 | MB73346
 


Text/call 502-905-3708
kentuckyloan@gmail.com

If you are an individual with disabilities who needs accommodation, or you are having difficulty using our website to apply for a loan, please contact us at 502-905-3708.
Disclaimer: No statement on this site is a commitment to make a loan. Loans are subject to borrower qualifications, including income, property evaluation, sufficient equity in the home to meet Loan-to-Value requirements, and final credit approval. Approvals are subject to underwriting guidelines, interest rates, and program guidelines and are subject to change without notice based on applicant’s eligibility and market conditions. Refinancing an existing loan may result in total finance charges being higher over the life of a loan. Reduction in payments may reflect a longer loan term. Terms of any loan may be subject to payment of points and fees by the applicant  Equal Opportunity Lender. NMLS#57916http://www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org/

Shutdown Stalling Rural Mortgages

Rural Housing Loans Affected By Government Shutdown in Kentucky

 

  • The USDA backs about 120,000 mortgages a year, or about 3.5 percent of purchase mortgage originations nationally.
  • Almost half of USDA mortgages were in southern states from 2012 to 2017.[1]

Borrowers who rely on mortgages from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have been in a holding pattern that runs alongside the federal government shutdown. These loans from the USDA’s Farm Service Agency and the Rural Housing Service are made mostly in rural areas and often to low- and middle-income borrowers.

The USDA backs about 120,000 mortgages a year, or about 3.5 percent of all mortgage purchase originations,[2] according to data from the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act. The USDA offices that administer these loans have been closed since late December, rendering a major source of funding inaccessible.

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